Beings Suffer by Greed, Hate & Ignorance!
By its means they are greedy, this itself is
greed. Greed and all its dilutions
such as desire, lust, urge, yearning, craving, wanting, longing, & hoping
the characteristic of grasping an object, like an adhesive glue attaching to
The function is sticking, binding, and clinging to it, like meat put in a
It is manifested as not giving up, not releasing, & inability to drop the
Greed's proximate cause is seeing enjoyment in things, that lead to bondage!
Swelling with the current of craving, it should be regarded as taking beings
with it to the states of loss, as a swift-flowing river whirls to a great
itself hates, by its characteristic ferocious, vicious and furious rage,
like a provoked snake. Its function is to spread, like a drop of poison, and
to grow up its own source, like a forest fire. Hate is manifested as a cruel
persecution, like an enemy who has got his chance. The proximate cause of
hate, anger, irritation, aversion, and opposition is any source of
It should be regarded as like stale urine mixed with poison...
has the characteristic of blindness, delusion or simply unknowing.
Its function and consequence is non-penetration, by concealment of the real
individual essence of an object. It is manifested as the absence of right
and a deep mental darkness. The proximate cause of ignorance is unreasoning
and wrongly directed attention neglecting all analysis of cause and
It should be regarded as the deepest root of all, that is disadvantageous!
Visuddhimagga I 468
More on the 3 Roots
of all Good and Evil (Mūla):