A city in India, capital of King
Milinda (Mil..pp.1, 3,
In various Jātakas - e.g.,
mentioned as the capital of the Madda kings. It was also evidently called Sākala.
(E.g., Mahābhārata 14, 32; tatah Sākalam abhyetvā Mādrānām putabhedanam).
Sāgala was the birthplace of Khemā Therī, (ThigA.127;
Ap.ii.546; AA.i.187) of Bhaddā Kāpilānī, (ThigA.68; Ap.ii.583; AA.i.99) and of
Queen Anojā (DhA.ii.116).
It is said (DhA.iii.281f.; cp. the story of Anitthigandha, a Pacceka Buddha, given in SnA.i.69) that when
Aritthigandhakumāra refused to marry any woman unless she resembled a golden
image possessed by him, the messengers sent by his parents found a girl in
Sāgala who possessed the necessary requirements, but she was delicate, and died
on her way from Sāgala to Sāvatthi.
It is perhaps the same city which is mentioned in the
Vinaya (Vin.iii.67) as the residence of
Sāgala is identified with the modern Sialkot in the Paijab
Law, Geog. 53).