the 'training', which the Buddha's disciple has
to undergo, is 3-fold:
training in higher morality (adhisīla-sikkhā)
higher mentality (adhicitta-sikkhā)
in higher wisdom (adhipaññā-sikkhā)
This 3-fold training refers to the 3-fold division of the the 8-fold Path (magga) in morality, concentration and wisdom (sīla, samādhi, paññā).
In D. 16 and A.IV,1 it is said:
"It is through not understanding, not penetrating noble
morality ... noble concentration ... noble wisdom ... noble deliverance that I,
as well as you, have had for such a long time to pass through this round of
"This then is morality, this concentration, this wisdom,
this deliverance. Being endowed with morality, concentration brings high fruit
and blessing. Being endowed with concentration, wisdom brings high fruit and
blessing. Being endowed with wisdom, the mind becomes freed from all fermentations (Āsava) namely, from the sensuous fermentation(kāmāsava), from the fermentationof existence (bhavasava) from the fermentationof opinions (ditthisava)
from the fermentationof ignorance (avijjāsava).