are just Mental States:
What is a phenomenon?
A phenomenon is an
experienced state manifesting as an appearance,
conscious occasion! Whether experienced as a mental object: Examples:
An experienced thought,
idea, feeling, mood,
or experienced as a physical object: Examples:
sight, sound, smell,
taste, or touch: This experience remains just
a mental 'state',
which is what in early Buddhism is
called a discrete 'Dhammā' . This event
is just a passing
of consciousness in time!
Everything worldly is a mental state!
Nothing whatsoever exists
mind 'physical' object 'out there',
until it is observed as a mind experience...
Before and after this direct observation, this 'thing',
remains just an
or a mere potential
of quantum-mechanical likelihood for observation!
Not quite as 'real' anymore...
They once asked the Buddha:
What is the Cause of a Phenomenon?
Attention (manasikāra) is the cause of any phenomenon!
Why so? When
attention is present, the phenomenon appears...
attention is absent, the phenomenon disappears!
and he further later added:
This World both
this 2 fathom frame of bones...
SN I 62
The ALL is thereby actually just a
sensed and experienced representation...
SN IV 15
Insisting on Direct Experience
This ultra-realistic insistence on direct experience is
a pragmatic conception of reality, which philosophically was coined by
Further resources on this Dhamma 'Atom' of
The Theory of
Discrete States (Dhammā) for the
The Dhamma Theory: The Philosophical Cornerstone of
Y. Karunadasa. Wheel 412/413 Buddhist
For further study on Phenomena as mere mental states:
Phenomenon 'Match' Occurring
only momentarily by
mentally experienced observation! Not 'out there' as an
but 'in here' in our observer-mind, as just
yet another experiencable passing mental state...
On participatory Observation
in Orthodox Contemporary Quantum-Mechanics: