What is Motion »
Drop of Dhamma Delight!


What is the Motion in any Cluster of Form?

The Blessed Buddha once explained:
What is the cluster of Forms (
It is the 4 primary elements and all the forms derived from them...
Which are these 4 Primary Elements (

The 4 Primary Elements are:
1: The Element of Solidity... (
2: The Element of Fluidity... (
3: The Element of Heat... (
4: The Element of Motion... (

What, now then, is the Element of Motion?
The Element of Motion may be one's own internal, or it may be external...
What is one's own internal Element of Motion? Whatever there is in one's
own person or body of kammically induced motion, movement or mobility,
such as the upward, downward, in & out going motions, movements, & flows,
in stomach, intestines, blood-&-lymph-vessels, and nerves, heart-beating,  
in- and out-breathing, etc: This is one's own internal Element of Motion...
Now, whether it be one's own Element of Motion or whether it be the any
external Element of Motion such as storms and tides, they are both merely
the Element of Motion. One should therefore understand, according to the
utter reality & true Wisdom: This does not belong to me! This I am not!
This is not my self!


One may add:
This is not lasting, this is not a permanent property, this is not safe...
This is not pleasure, this is not happiness, this is also only suffering... 
In order to induce releasing disillusion with attractive warm objects...
Whether internal or external, whether alive or dead, present or not...
Clinging to any kind of
Motion, whether internal or external, is Suffering...

Source (edited extract):
The Middle Length Sayings of the Buddha. Majjhima Nikāya. MN 28.
Mahā-hatthipadopama Sutta: The Great Elephant Footprint Simile:
Splendid Book:


The 4 Primary Elements are not 'real substances out there', but more
realistically: Experienced qualities or properties appearing 'in here'...   
They are manifestations of form, and not lasting 'substantial entities'!
Their 'material' appearances depend on the level of observation:
Macroscopic Motion is a manifestation of microscopic kinetic energy!
In all forms of materiality coexists all 4 primary elements in graduation.
In water, the element of fluidity is dominating at ambient temperature.
When frozen into ice, the solidity element becomes the dominant aspect.
In stone, the element of solidity is domination at ambient temperature.
When melted into lava, the fluidity element becomes the main feature...
Here one thus realizes, that it is the presence or absence of Heat defined
by temperature, that determines the relative degree of manifestation of
the two other elements: Solidity and Fluidity. Similarly: In stone is the
element of Motion is not dominant at normal temperatures, but if at very
high temperatures (association with the element of Heat) evaporated
into a gas, then the element of motion becomes dominant even in stone...
In air the element of motion is apparent at ambient temperatures (wind)
but if frozen into fluid or even a solid, at very low temperatures then
this element of motion diminishes its influence. All 4 are interdependent!
The 4 primary elements creates and conditions each other like the 4 legs
on a chair... They are inseparable & always act as a unified immanence.


On these 4 Primary Elements (mahā-bhūta):
https://What-Buddha-Said.net/drops/IV/What _is_Heat.htm



Motion is an elemental quality of materiality!

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